Municipality of Prilep
Municipality of Prilep
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Climate agriculture

The temperature extremes, spring and autumn minimum are of great importance for the agricultural development. The absolute minimum temperature in 1971 was 0°, and it is a sign that the plants must be protected from freezing. Nevertheless, the minimum temperatures are not extremely low, so it is possible to grow many kinds of crops. From the average maximum, which occurs in July and August (approximately 33,5°C) can be concluded that in summer, high temperatures occur.

The total amount of heat during the year in the city and its surroundings is around 4124°C, and during the vegetative period of the plants (from April to September) is 3346°C. The average amount of rainfalls ranges from 500-600 mm. The maximum of rainfalls occurs in spring and autumn. The maximum of rainfalls is in April and amounts to 78.9 mm and in October when it amounts to 45.5 mm. Summer minimum occurs in July and amounts to 18.9 mm. The average water sediment during the vegetative period of plants (from May to September) is 181.3 mm. This average is ideal for growing certain crops, especially tobacco, while other types of plants that require a greater amount of humidity need to be irrigated.

Winds, as an environmental factor take special place in the agricultural production. The evaporation of soil depends on them. They ventilate the soil and exchange gases. Prilep and its surroundings throughout the year have the most frequent winds from northeast direction. Northeast wind blows with a maximum speed of 22.5 m/sec, and with average annual frequency of 303 promille in terms of winds from all directions and silences. Southeast wind blows with an average speed of 3.8 m/sec and its frequency amounts to 136 promille. West wind has frequency of 92 promille and the north wind - 81 promille. The lowest frequency has the southeast wind - 16 promille.