Municipality of Prilep is located in the central part of the southern region of Macedonia. It covers the Prilep field which constitutes the northern part of the largest valley in Macedonia, Pelagonia. Prilep is located at an altitude of 620-650 meters, and on the hilly slopes up to 680 meters. In Municipality of Prilep, live 76,768 residents of which 73,351 in the city. Most of the residents of the Municipality of Prilep or 70,878 are Macedonians, but also there are 4,433 Roma people, 172 Serbs, 917 Turks, 22 Albanians, 17 Vlachs, 86 Bosniacs as well as 243 inhabitants belonging to other nationalities.
In historical sources Prilep was first mentioned in year 1014. The territory of the city and its surroundings constituted one of the most important strategic, political and military areas of this part of the Balkan. In the Pelagonian part were situated very important crossroads in the direction of the Aegean and the Adriatic Sea. The important ancient roads Via Egnatia and the Via Militaris had its most natural connection through Prilep. Through Prilep had also passed the shortest caravan-trade route, along which from the direction of the Adriatic Sea merchants and couriers from Venice and Dubrovnik seth forth to Thessaloniki. Throughout the centuries, on this area Hellenic, Roman, Byzantine and Slavic culture met and collided.
The most representative monumental complexes from the ancient period are found on the sites "Bedem" in the village Cepigovo, "Bezisten" between villages Prilepec and Volkovo and in the city itself. At several sites were identified remains of the ancient cities Stibera, Alkomena, Keramija and Kolobansa.
Based upon the cultural and historical monuments, no less important is the period of the Middle Age. This includes St. Nikola Church, which dates from the 13th century, St. Uspenie na Bogorodica in the Monastery of Treskavec with representative paintings from 15, 16 and 19th century, as well as the Monastery with the St. Preobrazenie Church located above the village Zrze. The most important complex of cultural and historical monuments is located in the city itself, which was the center of wider political-territorial organization and significant political and military residence of the Macedonian king Samuil. The complex of monuments of medieval Prilep covers the area of the rocky hill Markovi Kuli and surrounding areas with the sites Potkuli, Varos and Zagrad. On the hill Markovi Kuli is located one of the five biggest Balkan forts, and it consists of three defensive zones and many towers and gates.
The biggest growth in its medieval history Prilep saw in the last quarter of the 13th and early 14th century. Result of such growth are the important monuments from that period, such as the only site of remains of a Slavic settlement from the 10th century, the Church of St. Archangel Michael with frescoes from the 11th century, as well as the churches St. Dimitrija and St. Nicola in which fresco paintings from the 13th century can be found. In the nineteenth century a trade center with the famous Old Bazaar was formed in the city. During the Macedonian cultural and national revival, Prilep was an important centre of the Slavic or Macedonian literacy, literature and culture. From that period, of particular importance is the educational activity in Prilep carried out by the Macedonian reformers Jordan Konstantinov-Dzinot, Dimitar Miladinov, Rajko Zinzifov, Kuzman Shapkarev and activity of the famous collector of Macedonian folklore Marko Cepenkov.
In the Ilinden period, the city was the centre of the Macedonian national and liberation movement. At that time, Prilep and Prilep region gave tens of revolutionists and fighters, including Pere Toshev, Gorce Petrov, Petre Acev and many others.
On October 11, 1941 in Prilep, with the attack on the Police station, started the armed uprising of the Macedonian people against the fascist occupiers for their national liberation and independence. "Hillock of the Undefeated", as one of the most monumental memorials in which the remains of more than 650 fighters from this region have been buried, is a significant testimony to the massive and devoted participation of the people of this region in the liberation war.
Prilep experienced its most important progress and growth during the post-war free development when it has grown into a significant political and administrative, cultural, educational, scientific and commercial centre in the Republic of Macedonia. Prilep gave the Macedonian literature more than 25 writers, the fine art twenty painters and sculptors and the Macedonian scientific idea more acknowledged scientists.
A result of the evident development is also the activity of the Faculty of Economics and the other two scientific institutions: Tobacco Institute and the Institute for Research of Old Slavonic Culture.
The economic life can be seen from the several industrial branches, such as the the tobacco industry, metal industry, nonmetal industry, chemical, textile and wood industries.
Prilep is a famous world centre for production of quality tobacco, of the type "Prilep", which is especially demanded on the World Market. Prilep is a city where there are mines located of one of the finest marble in the world.
Prilep is a city of tobacco and marble, of rich cultural heritage and history, of national pride and openness to the world, a hero city.
Settlements that are part of the Municipality of Prilep are the following: Alinci, Belovodica, Berovci, Beshishte, Bonche, Veprchani, Veselchani, Vitolishte, Volkovo, Vrpsko, Galichnik, Golem Radobil, Golemo Konjari, Gugjakovo, Dabnica, Dren, Dunje, Erekovci, Zhivovo, Zagorani, Kadino Selo, Kalen, Kanatlarci, Klepach, Kokre, Krushevica, Krstec, Lenishta, Lopatica, Mazhuchishte, Mal Radobil, Malo Konjari, Malo Ruvci, Manastir, Marul, Nikodin, Novo Lagovo, Oreovec, Peshtani, Pletvar, Podmol, Polchishte, Prilepec, Prisad, Rakle, Selce, Smolani, Staro Lagovo, Toplica, Trojaci, Topolchani, Trojkrsti, Carevikj, Chanishte, Cepigovo, Chumovo, Sheleverci and Shtavica.